YOGA and meaning and importance of yoga in 2021

YOGA and meaning and importance of yoga in 2021 Yoga

Hello, Friends welcome, Today the topic I am going to share with you a “YOGA”, Here you can get the all about yoga, meaning of yoga, the importance of yoga, history of yoga, yoga asanas, Pranayam, Yogasan, yoga for weight loss, and many more topics.

It is a universal truth that modern age id the age of stress, tension and anxiety. These problems are affecting such people physically, mentally and emotionally. So with the help of yoga, you can reduce your tension, stress, etc. easily.

In this Article, We provide you full information about Yoga. here you coverup these points in this article are given below:-

We also provide you a PDF version of this “YOGA” Article, in Hindi and English, so you can Download and read easily in the future.

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What is Yoga

Yoga is derived from a Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’ in verb form which means to unite or to join. Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Yoga is its noun form and means union. It is concerned with the union of the individual soul with the absolute or divine soul. It is a science of the development of man’s consciousness. Toga is the “ unification of Atma with Parmatma”.  It also means the unification of physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual aspects of a human being.

  1. “checking the impulses of the mind is yoga.” – Patanjali
  2. “yoga is attaining the pose.” – Maharishi  Ved Vyas
  3. “yoga is spiritual kamdhenu.” – swami sampurnanand.
  4. “Yoga is a skill in action” – Bhagavad Gita

Yoga is all about stretching our bodies in different forms and meditation. Yoga Poses like Surya Namaskar, Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana, Kapalabhati pranayama yoga, and so many other effective yoga asanas help in reducing our weight as well as our belly fat.

History of yoga

The history of yoga is indeed very old, nothing can be said firmly about the origin of yoga. Only it can allude that yoga was originated in India. The available pieces of evidence show that the history of yoga is related to the Indus valet Civilisation. Yoga is also mentioned in Mahabharata, Ramayana, and Upanishads. Patanjali also wrote about yoga in 147 BC.

Female yoga practitioners are called Yoginis, and Male yoga practitioners are known as Yogis.

Importance of Yoga

Importance of Yoga

It is a universal truth that modern age id the age of stress, tension and anxiety.

Kin Hubbard has rightly said, “it is pretty hard to tell what does bring happiness: poverty and wealth have both failed. ” These problems are affecting such people physically, mentally and emotionally. That is why; such people ate falling prey to various diseases. At this juncture, yoga can be very significant for us. We can get rid of such problems by practicing yoga.

Yoga is a great way to work on your flexibility and strength. Just about everyone can do it, too — it’s not just for people who can touch their toes or want to meditate. Some types of yoga are about relaxation. In others, you move more. Most types focus on learning poses, called asanas. They also usually include attention to breathing.

International Day of Yoga (21 June)

The United Nations proclaimed 21 June as the International Day of Yoga by resolution 69/131. The International Day of Yoga aims to raise awareness worldwide of the many benefits of practicing yoga.

Benefits Of Yoga

Benefits of Yoga

Yoga is very necessary and beneficial for all human beings if it is practiced by all on a daily basis in the early morning. The benefits of Yoga include:-

  1. Increase Flexibility
  2. Reduces Mental Tension
  3. Physical Purity
  4. Cure and Prevention from Diseases
  5. Better Posture From Yoga
  6. Good for Your Heart
  7. Breathing Benefits

Increase Flexibility

Flexibility is very significant for every person. It makes the movements of the body efficient and graceful. It is also helpful in preventing sports injuries. Various yogasana increases the flexibility of the body. Chakrasana, dhanurasana, halasana, bhujangasana, and shalabhasama are beneficial for increasing flexibility. 

Reduces Mental Tension

Yoga can help in reducing tension. It is a well-known fact that most of the persons remain under stress and tension, they do not get peace anywhere. They feel upset and disturbed in present-day life. They think that money can bring happiness and peace to their life but it further intensifies their stress and tension. Pratyahara, Dharana, and Dhyan play a vital role in getting peace of mind. Makarasana, Shavasana, Shalabhasana, Suptasana, and   Bhujangasana are beneficial for releasing stress and tension.

Physical Purity

Internal organs of our body can be cleaned by various yogic exercises. Basically there are three substances in our body, i.e.; vaat, Pitt and kaph.

 If there is a proper balance of these substances in our body, er may remain healthy. Neti, Dhoti, Nauli, Basti, Kapala Bhati, and Tratak, etc. are such yogic exercises to shatkarmas that keep the internal organs of our body in a clean state. Tor the proper cleanliness and purity of our internal organs, we should perform these yogic exercises regularly.

Cure and Prevention from Diseases

There are various diseases that usually hamper the smooth functioning of people. Yoga not only prevents us from man diseases but also cures them. Various yogic exercises increase the immunity power of an individual. If an individual performs yogic exercises regularly, he cannot fall prey to diseases.

Vajrasana cures diabetes. A large number of diseases such as Bronchitis, Sinusitis, Arthritis, Gastritis, Dyspepsia, Asthma, High Blood Pressure, Leprosy, Hay Fever, Heart Attack, Sciatica, Menstrual Disorders, Stress, Urinary Disorders, Back-Pain, Hysteria, etc. can be prevented as well as cured by various yogic exercises.

Better Posture From Yoga

Most standing and sitting poses develop core strength since you need your core muscles to support and maintain each pose. With a stronger core, you’re more likely to sit and stand “tall.”Yoga also helps your body awareness. That helps you notice more quickly if you’re slouching or slumping, so you can adjust your posture.

Good for Your Heart

Yoga has long been known to lower blood pressure and slow the heart rate. A slower heart rate can benefit people with high blood pressure or heart disease, and people who’ve had a stroke. Yoga has also been linked to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and better immune system function.

Breathing Benefits

Yoga usually involves paying attention to your breath, which can help you relax. It may also call for specific breathing techniques. But yoga typically isn’t aerobic, like running or cycling, unless it’s an intense type of yoga or you’re doing it in a heated room.

Elements Of YOGA

Elements of YOGA

These are eight steps through which the ultimate goal of yoga can be achieved. The practice of each element is very important for the attainment of the goal of yoga. After getting efficiency in one element, we should proceed to the next element.

(1) Yama

(2) Niyama

(3) Asana

(4) Pranayama

(5) Pratyahara

(6) Dharana

(7) Dhyana

(8) Samadhi


Yama is the first element of Astanga yoga. Through the practice of Yama, one can abstain from doing things that keep one’s mind involved in the indiscriminate struggle for survival. One can remain away from violence. Yama consists of five moral codes of conduct.


Niyamas are related to individuals’ bodies and senses. Niyamas are also ethical practices as yamas. There are five niyama such as Saucha, Santosh, Tapa, Swadhyaya, and Ishwara Pranidhama.


After Yama and niyama, asanas come on the third number. Asana means ‘position or posture of the body’. It also means to sit in an easy posture. Due to its popularity. Most of the people think that yoga is nothing nut asana. They are not aware that asana is a step toward yoga. In fact, asanas are performed to keep the body flexible, agile and young. Asanas also enhance the beauty of the body by reducing the inappropriate accumulation of fat in the body. There are various types of asanas such as corrective asanas, relaxative asanas, and meditative asanas. These types of asanas have different types of effects on various organs of the body. These asanas activate the functions of various organs. Asanas can be performed from young age to old age without any problems.


Pranayama is the control of the process o breathing. It means the appropriate control over inhalation and exhalation. Basically there are three constituents of Pranayama, i.e; Puraka (inhalation), Kumbhaka (retaining the breath) and Rechaka (exhalation). It helps in metabolic activities and enhances the function of the heart and lungs. It also provides longevity to life.


Pratyahara is a process of self-control in which an individual becomes able to control his senses. Indeed, to an introvert, the mind and senses are called pratyahara. In pratyahara, the senses no longer respond to the external object that hinders mental concentration. The attachment of various senses such as words, beauty, touch, taste, and smell, etc. divers the individual from the way of self-welfare. The practitioner of pratyahara starts felling extreme pleasure in God.


Dharana is the concentration of mind. Generally, it is seen that the mind has a tendency to get scattered but if the scattered mind is brought under control and set to one focal point, concentration Is said to be achieved. The focal point can be in the center of the forehead or navel or a pointed soothing light at a distance. Dharana is the first step towards Samadhi. In fact, Dharana is a mental exercise that enables a yogi to go ahead towards dhyana and Samadhi.


Dhyana is a process of complete constancy of mind. It is a stage prior to Samadhi. Generally, dhyana remains attached to our life at every moment. Whenever we perform any specific task in the family it is usually advised to do that task with ‘dhyana’. But we do not understand its appropriate meaning. In fact, dhyana is a complete concentration of mind over a period of time without any divergence.


The union of an individual’s soul with the supreme soul is called Samadhi. Samadhi is also called the checking or destruction of all the impulses of the mind. During the stage of dhyana, when the disappearance of self-awareness takes place, the yogi attains the stage of Samadhi. He begins to feel the real truth. He forgets himself completely. He begins to experience divine pleasure.

10 Basic Poses (Asanas) To Get You Started

  •  Tadasana  (Mountain Pose)
  •  Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)
  • Adho Mukho Svanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose)
  • Trikonasana (Triangle Pose)
  • Kursiasana (Chair Pose)
  • Naukasana (Boat Pose)
  • Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
  • Paschimottanasana
  • Child’s Pose
  • Sukhasna

 Tadasana  (Mountain Pose)

Tadasana  (Mountain Pose)

The word ‘Tada’ means a mountain. It affects the major groups of muscles and improves focus and concentration. It is the starting position for all the other Asanas. Stand together with your heels slightly away and hang your arms beside the torso. Gently lift and spread your toes and therefore the balls of your feet then lay them softly down on the ground. Balance your weight on your feet. Lift your ankles and firm your thigh muscles while rotating them inwards. As you inhale, elongate your torso and once you exhale release your shoulder blades far away from your head. Broaden your collarbone and elongate your neck. Your ears, shoulders, hips, and ankles should all be in one line. you’ll check your alignment by standing against the wall initially. you’ll even raise your hands and stretch them. Breathe easy.

 Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)

Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)

This pose gives you a way of grounding. It improves your balance and strengthens your legs and back. It replicates the steady stance of a tree. Place your right foot high on your left thigh. the only of the foot should be flat and placed firmly. Keep your left leg straight and find your balance. While inhaling, raise your arms over your head and convey your palms together. make sure that your spine is straight and take a couple of deep breaths. Slowly exhale, bring you handily and release your right leg. Back within the standing position repeat an equivalent with the opposite leg.

Adho Mukho Svanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose)

Adho Mukho Svanasana (Downward Facing Dog Pose)

This pose stretches hamstrings, chest and elongates the spine, providing additional blood flow to the top. it’s will leave you feeling energized. Sit on your heels, stretch your arms forward on the mat and lower your head. Form a table, like pushing your hands, strengthening your legs and slowly raising your hips. Press your heels down, let your head hand freely and tighten your waist.

 Trikonasana (Triangle Pose)

Trikonasana (Triangle Pose)

It stretches the legs and torso, mobilizes the hips and promotes deep breathing, leaving one with enlivening effects. Stand together with your feet wide apart. Stretch your right foot out (90 degrees) while keeping the leg closer to the torso. Keep your feet pressed against the bottom and balance your weight equally on both feet. Inhale and as you exhale bend your right arm and make it touch the bottom while your left arm goes up. Keep your waist straight. make sure that your body is bent sideways and not forward or backward. Stretch the maximum amount as you’ll while taking long, deep breaths. Repeat on the opposite side.

Kursiasana (Chair Pose)

Kursiasana (Chair Pose)

An intensely powerful pose, this one strengthens the muscles of the legs and arms. It builds your willpower and has an energizing effect on the body and mind. Stand straight together with your feet slightly apart. Stretch your arms but don’t bend your elbow. Inhale and bend your knees, pushing your pelvis down such as you are sitting on a chair. Keep your hands parallel to the bottom and back straight. Take deep breaths. Bend gradually but confirm your knees don’t transcend your toes.

 Naukasana (Boat Pose)

Naukasana (Boat Pose)

It tightens the abdominal muscles and strengthens shoulders and upper back. It leaves the practitioner with a way of stability. Lie back on the mat together with your feet together and hands by your side. Take a deep breath and while exhaling gently lift your chest and feet off the bottom. Stretch your hands within the direction of your feet. Your eyes, fingers, and toes should be in one line. Hold till you are feeling some tension in your navel area as your abdominal muscles begin to contract. As you exhale, come to the bottom and relax.

 Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)

Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)

This one will strengthen the lower back muscles while cushioning the spine, triceps and opens the chest to market the inhalations. It also makes the spine flexible. Lie on your stomach together with your feet together and toes flat. Place your hands downwards below your shoulders on the mat, lift your waist and lift your head while inhaling in. Pull your torso back with the support of your hands. Keep your elbows straight and confirm you set equal pressure on both palms. Tilt your head back and confirm your shoulders are far away from your ears. Exhale while returning to the bottom.



This asana helps in improving the pliability of the hamstrings and hips and elongates the spine. stay up together with your back straight and toes pointing outwards. inhale and lift your hands over your head and stretch. Now, while exhalation brings you handily and bends then forward to the touch your legs. Place your hands wherever they reach, hold your toes if you’ll but don’t force yourself. inhale and elongate your spine. While exhalation, keep your navel on the brink of your knees.

 Child’s Pose

Child's Pose

This restful posture helps to abandon and surrender. It restores vitality physically, mentally and emotionally. Insert the pose between challenging asanas, and practice with closed eyes, taking note of the sound of your breath. Bend your knees and sit on your heels. Keep your hips on your heels. Lower your head on the mat and convey your hands forward by your side. Press your thighs against your chest and breathe lightly.



Sukhasna may be a comfortable position for pranayama and meditation. It gives the practitioner a centering effect. All the opposite asanas are done to eventually make the body feel comfortable to be ready to sit during this position for meditation. This asana takes the yoga practice beyond its physical dimension and helps you get in-tuned together with your spiritual side. Sit comfortably on the mat with crossed legs (left leg tugged inside the proper thigh and right leg tugged inside the left thigh). Keep the spine straight. Place your hands on your knees. you’ll use the Jnana mudra or Chin mudra. Relax your body and breathe gently.

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