Discuss the Uses and Limitation of Cash Flow Statement 2021 | Advantages and Disadvantages of Cash Flow Statement Class 12

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Essentially, the cash flow statement measures how well a company manages its cash, which means its ability to generate cash to manage its debt obligations and fund operations. A cash flow statement is included as part of a company’s financial reports since 1987, alongside the balance sheet and income statement.

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how the CFS is structured, as well as how you can use it to analyze a company.

Table of Contents

What Is Cash Flow Statement?

An income statement depicts all cash inflows and outflows made by an organization from its ongoing operations and external investments. Cash outflows include all payments for business activities and investments during a particular time period.

Investors and analysts can view a company’s financial statements as they provide a snapshot of all the items that make up that organization, where every item contributes to its success. Cash flow statements are viewed as the most intuitive financial statements because they provide information on how cash is generated by a business through its operations, investments, and financing.

The total of these three components is the business’ net cash flow. Investors can determine the value of a stock or the company as a whole by studying the three different sections of the cash flow statement.

Limitations of Cash Flow Statements

Analyzing financial statements with cash flow statements can provide useful insights. Yet there are some limitations to the cash flow statement. Listed below are such limitations.

  • In a cash flow statement, cash inflow and outflow are the only items listed. Nevertheless, the cash balance reported by the statement does not reflect how liquid the business really is.
  • In fact, net income is determined by taking into account both cash items and non-cash items, which means that the Cash Flow Statement does not necessarily represent the net income of a business.
  • The Cash Flow Statement does not portray the business’s full financial picture.
  • Preparing the cash flow statement is just a post-mortem exercise. No projections about future cash flow are included in this process.
  • Instead, an income statement should be used.
  • An income statement can be used as an indicator of the accuracy of a cash flow statement. The income statement and the cash flow statement are both inaccurate if the balance sheet is.
  • It hasn’t been prepared to reflect accrual accounting principles. Consequently, the accuracy of cash flow statement should be questioned.
  • A cash flow from operating activities calculation does not include non-cash items, making it unsuitable for gauging a firm’s profitability.
Advantages of Cash Flow Statement
Advantages of Cash Flow Statement

Advantages of Cash Flow Statement

  1. Assess the Liquidity Status of Company: With the help of the Cash Flow Statement, an individual can find out the liquidity or actual cash position of the company, which is something that profit and loss and fund flow statements fail to provide. With the knowledge of the liquidity status, external sources of funds can be searched for and raised, and if there are surpluses, they can be used for the business’ growth. By analyzing a cash flow statement, you can determine whether there is a discrepancy in cash position. In order to figure out how the firm’s cash position can be optimally managed, the Cash Flow statement is used. With the determination of the optimum cash balance, the company can determine whether it has too much or too little cash. With an understanding of the firm’s cash position, funds can decide how much to borrow and invest.
  2. Assist in Planning, Budgeting, and Controlling: By using the cash flow statement, financial planning and analysis can be carried out. Managing financial operations properly has become easier thanks to the cash flow statement. By preparing cash flow statements, it becomes possible to manage cash. By doing so, the management will be able to make an estimation of various inflows and outflows of cash in order to take necessary actions in the near future.
  3. Performance Appraisal: A comparison of the actual cash flow statement and projected cash flow statement can help management evaluate performances regarding cash. Should any variances be discovered, they ought to be corrected accordingly.
  4. Movement of Cash: The cash flow statement shows how the cash is incoming and going out, thus allowing us to estimate future cash flows.

How Cash Flow Statements Work

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires every company that sells and offers its stock to the public to file financial reports and statements. The balance sheet and income statement are the two main financial statements. In addition to opening interested parties’ eyes to all the transactions that occur within a company, a cash flow statement provides an insight into the workings of the business.

A company’s accounting system has two distinct areas-this is accrual accounting. The income statement of most public companies differs from the cash position, as accrual accounting is used to report earnings. Cash flow statements, however, are more concerned with cash accounts.

Cash flow statements are critical tools for companies, analysts, and investors because profitable companies can stumble when it comes to managing cash flow. Three different cash flow activities are accounted for in a cash flow statement: operations, investing, and financing.

Consider a company that sells its customers a product and extends them a credit line for that purchase. However, the company may not receive cash for that sale until a later date, even though it recognizes it as revenue. Profits from the business appear on the income statement, but it may generate more or less cash than it shows on the income statement.

How to Use a Cash Flow Statement

Investors can use the CFS to determine how an organization manages its operations, where the money is coming from, and where the money is going. In addition to providing investors with valuable information, the CFS also provides valuable insights into a company’s financial position. As for creditors, the CFS can be used to determine how much cash is available for the company (referred to as liquidity) to cover its operating costs and pay its debts.

limitations of cash flow statement class 12
limitations of cash flow statement class 12

The Structure of the Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement includes the following components:

  1. Cash from operating activities
  2. Cash from investing activities
  3. Cash from financing activities

This statement is different from both the income statement and balance sheet in that it does not include as items future cash inflows and outflows recorded on credit. So cash and net income are not the same things because cash sales are reflected on the income statement while credit sales are reflected on the balance sheet.

Cash Flows from Operations

A cash flow statement’s first section includes the cash from operating activities (CFO) as well as the transactions from operating activities. Detailed cash flows from operations are calculated by starting with net income, then reconciling all noncash items to cash items representing operational activities.

It is, in other words, the net income of the company expressed in cash. Directly associated with a company’s main business operations, this section reports cash flows and outlays. Purchasing and selling inventory and supplies, along with paying its employees, are among these activities.

In addition to the inflows and outflows discussed here, any other forms of inflows and outflows are excluded. Businesses have the ability to generate positive cash flow for their operations. For expansion, the company may need to secure financing from external sources if they do not generate enough. An accounts receivable account, for example, is not a cash account.

During a period where accounts receivable increase, it means there were more sales but no cash was received. Due to the fact that receivables are not cash, they are deducted from net income in the cash flow statement. In addition, accounts payable, depreciation, amortization, and numerous pre-paid items can also generate cash flows from the operations section, but often without cash associated with them.

Cash Flows from Investing

Investing gains and losses are the results of the cash flow from investing (CFI) section of the cash flow statement. Investing gains and losses are also reflected here for purchases of property, plant, and equipment. The capital expenditures (Capex) section is where analysts check how spending has changed. It is generally true that Capex increases mean less cash flow.

In some cases, that can actually be a good thing, as it indicates that a company is making investments in its future. Growth companies are typically those that invest heavily in equipment. Cash flow, however good, needed to be generated from business operations, not investments and financing activities in order for investors to be satisfied. Sales of property and equipment can provide cash flow for businesses within this section.

Cash Flows from Financing

This section of the cash flow statement summarizes the cash flows from financing (CFF). Cash in the form of operating expenses is presented in the section. This measure measures the flow of cash from the income of a company to its owners and creditors, and its sources are normally debt or equity.

A company’s 10-K report to shareholders generally includes these figures. Analysts use the cash flows from the financing section to determine how much money the company has paid out via dividends or share buybacks. It is also useful to help determine how a company raises cash for operational growth. Cash obtained or paid back from capital fundraising efforts, such as equity or debt, is listed here, as are loans taken out or paid back.

When the cash flow from financing is a positive number, it means there is more money coming into the company than flowing out. When the number is negative, it may mean the company is paying off debt, or is making dividend payments and/or stock buybacks.

Why the Cash Flow Statement is required

Accounting professionals realize that just studying one or two financial statements isn’t enough to gain complete knowledge of a company’s finances and operations. A statement of cash flows must therefore be included in a set of financial statements distributed outside the company in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP, US GAAP).

The following are the five financial statements and notes to the financial statements that make up a complete set of financial statements:

  • Income statement
  • Statement of comprehensive income
  • Balance sheet
  • Statement of stockholders’ equity
  • Statement of cash flows
  • Notes to the financial statements

Income statements provide the news to the media, but they are actually derived from the accrual basis of accounting. Accounting techniques such as this best measure how a company’s revenues, expenses, and earnings change during a short time period.

Nevertheless, the income statement does not include information on how much cash a company had in it and out of it. An income statement does not disclose, for instance, whether the company had:

  • Cash collected from sales. (The cash might be collected from customers 45 days after the sale.)
  • Cash paid for goods sold. (Payment may have been made many months prior to their sale.)
  • Cash paid for buildings and equipment that will be expensed over the next 5 to 30 years.
  • Cash received from the sale of long-term assets
  • Cash received from bank loans
  • Cash payments to reduce a loan’s principal balance
  • Cash withdrawn by owners or cash dividends paid to stockholders

It is important for corporations to fully understand their cash inflows and outflows so that they can meet their short- and long-term obligations. In addition to creditors and investors, the company’s cash flows also interest current and prospective lenders and investors.

Cash flows from operating activities is the first section of the cash flow statement that financial analysts will pay close attention to. This section is reviewed by comparing the net cash provided by operating activities (described by this section as net cash generated from the operation of the company) with its net income.

It’s necessary to evaluate the income statement to determine whether the revenue, expenses, and net income reported are in accordance with the company’s cash balance. When there is inconsistency, they may seek to uncover the reason for the differences. There is the possibility that the company’s inventory no longer sells or that customers are returning it.

There could also be a problem with receivables. Lastly, the SCF provides the cash amounts needed in some financial models. The analyst’s view is that “Cash is king”. While some leeway can be exercised when applying accounting principles, there is no leeway when it comes to reporting the cash amount.

which of the following is not a limitation of cash flow statement
which of the following is not a limitation of cash flow statement

Negative Cash Flow vs. Positive Cash Flow

Negative Cash FlowPositive Cash Flow
During your accounting period, you lost cash – that is what you mean by negative cash flow on your cash flow statement. Cash flow that is negative over time does not always mean there is a negative trend. When a business is just starting out, it is critical for it to track its burn rate as it grows and becomes profitable.When you see a positive number at the bottom of the statement, this indicates that your cash flow for the month was positive. You should keep in mind that positive cash flows aren’t always beneficial in the long run. Having that money now might help you, but you may also need it to bail out your failing business if you took on a large loan. Overall, a positive cash flow is not always the best or even the most effective.

How Cash Flow Is Calculated

To calculate net cash flow, one makes certain adjustments to net income by adding and subtracting on the balance sheet and income statement the differences between revenue and expenses for the period, as well as adjusting for credit transactions.
In addition to non-cash items, total assets and liabilities also include non-cash items (income statement). The reason is that since not all transactions involve cash items, calculating cash flow from operations requires re-evaluating many items. Consequently, there are two ways to calculate cash flow: the direct way and the indirect way.

  1. Cash Flow Statement Direct Method

    By adding up all cash payments and receipts, including remittances to suppliers, cash receipts from customers, and salary payments, the direct method determined the cash earnings of the company. The balances in the accounts are calculated by using the starting and ending balances of different business accounts and analyzing the net decrease or increase.

  2. Cash Flow Statement Indirect Method

    A company’s net income is first removed from its income statement to calculate cash flow from operating activities using the indirect method. Revenue is only recognized when earnings are earned rather than when a company receives them because a company’s income statement is prepared on an accrual basis.
    Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) are not an accurate reflection of net cash flow from operating activities, therefore it is necessary to adjust the EBIT for items that affect the net income even though no cash has yet been received or paid against them.
    As part of the indirect method, non-operating activities are also added back that do not impact cash flow from operations. When it comes to depreciation, an amount that is deducted from an asset’s value is considered a cash expense; it is not an actual cash expense. As a result, it is included in net earnings to calculate cash flow.

  3. Accounts Receivable and Cash Flow

    Changing accounts receivables (AR) on the balance sheet should also be reflected on the cash flow statement. In a falling AR environment, this suggests that more cash has entered the company from customers paying off their credit balances, with the reduced AR amount being added to net earnings.
    It is mandatory to deduct the amount of accounts receivable increase from net earnings when AR increases from one account period to the next because, although these amounts represent revenue, they are not cash.

  4. Inventory Value and Cash Flow

    Conversely, the presence of increased inventory signifies that the company has invested more money in purchasing more raw materials. Cash-paid inventory increases in value are deducted from net earnings when the inventory is paid with cash. Inventory decreases would increase net earnings.
    A balance sheet increase in accounts payable will occur if inventory is purchased on credit, and this amount will be added to net income the following year. The same logic applies in regards to taxes payable, prepaid insurance, and salaries payable. In the case of a paid-off item, the difference between one year and the next owed on the item has to be subtracted from net income. The net earnings will be adjusted to include any differences if there is still an amount owed.

How the cash flow statement works with the income statement and the balance sheet

Creating a cash flow statement requires you to carefully examine your income statement and balance sheet. The income statement indicates how much money has entered your business and left, while the balance sheet shows the impact that money has had on your business accounts such as accounts receivable, inventory, and accounts payable. As a business, the process of creating financial statements is as follows:

Income Statement + Balance Sheet = Cash Flow Statement

How to Track Cash Flow using the Indirect Method

You can create a cash flow statement by keeping a few simple rules in mind:

  • A decrease in cash flow is the result of transactions that increase assets.
  • Increased cash flow is a result of transactions resulting in a decrease in assets.
  • Cash flow is increased in transactions that increase liabilities.
  • When liabilities decrease, cash flow decreases as well.
Limitation of Cash Flow Statement
Limitation of Cash Flow Statement

7 Major Limitations of Cash Flow Statement

Keeping a cash flow statement is limited by 7 limitations!

(1) Fails to Present Net Income:

An income statement has the advantage of being able to present the financial data of a company in the form of net income since it takes into account the non-cash items that are easily apparent in the cash flow statement. The Income Statement can be supplemented by this report.

(2) Fails to Assess the Liquidity and Solvency Position:

A cash flow statement does not provide much help when it comes to assessing a firm’s solvency or liquidity. In the cash flow statement, which shows only how much cash was available at the end of the period, the appropriate liquidity position cannot be determined. The statement is only useful for determining the number of obligations that can be met since the liquidity position indicated by the cash flow statement is not an accurate representation of the situation.

(3) Neither a Substitute of Funds Flow Statement nor Income Statement:

Cash Flow Statements cannot be substituted for Fund Flow Statements nor for Income Statements. An Income Statement or Funds Flow Statement cannot fulfill all the functions of these statements.

(4) Not to Assess Profitability:

As a result, cash flows from operations cannot be used to determine whether a firm is profitable since it does not consider costs and revenues.

(5) Does not Conform with the Companies Act:

According to the Companies Act, the Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet are in conformity with the Profit and Loss Account, however, the Cash Flow Statement prepared per AS 3 is not in conformity with the Companies Act.

(6) Does not Assess Future Cash Flows:

Due to the fact that Cash Flow Statements are prepared using historical costs, knowing future/projected cash flows is not helpful.

(7) Inter-Industry Comparison not Possible:

The cash flow statement is unable to measure a firm’s economic efficiency in comparison with another firm in the same industry. For example, a firm with a lower level of capital investment will have a lower level of cash flow than a firm with a greater level of capital investment.

Disadvantages of Cash Flow Statement
Disadvantages of Cash Flow Statement

Disadvantages of Cash Flow Statement

Several aspects of the cash flow statement are deficient, including the following:

  • Non-Cash Transactions are Overlooked: An individual’s focus on the Cash Flow Statement is entirely on the ‘Inflow’ and ‘Outflow’ of cash. The TCPA is not involved in non-cash transactions, such as the sale of buildings through the issuance of stock/debentures, or the issuance of bonus shares.
  • Not a Substitute for an Income Statement: This form of the statement reveals both ‘Cash’ and ‘Non-Cash’ items of a business organization as well as it’s Net Income’. ‘Cash Flow Statements, on the other hand, only consider the cash flow aspect of the business and as such can only display the inflows or outflows of ‘Net Cash Flows’. It is not permitted to disclose the organization’s ‘Net Profit/Loss.
  • Limited Use:  ‘Cash Flow Statements’ are very limited in their application when taken separately. A balanced sheet and profit and loss account are necessary to obtain meaningful results. The income statement alone does not stand alone in figuring out a business’s financial position.
  • Historical in Nature:  Creating the cash flow statement requires rearranging other financial statements, such as the income statement. Accounting terms such as ‘balance sheet’ and ‘profit & loss account’ relate to historical data. The presentation would have been more effective and useful if it had been accompanied by a ‘Projected Cash Flow Statement’.
  • Ignoring the Accrual Concept: Cash flow statement is totally oblivious to the concept of accrual, one of the basis of accounting.

Difference between Cash Flow and Fund Flow Statement

Basis of DifferenceFund Flow StatementCash Flow Statement
Nature of StatementWorking capital is expressed as a change.The statement summarizes changes to the cash position.
Object  The purpose of preparing a fund flow statement is to gather information regarding the ability of an organization to meet its long-term obligations.An enterprise’s ability to meet its short-term liabilities is the purpose of preparing cash flow statements.
Opening Balance  In preparation for a fund flow statement, there is an opening balance of cash on hand.With the cash opening balance in hand, the document is prepared.
Period  It takes longer to prepare a statement of fund flow.It takes a short amount of time to prepare a cash flow statement.
Planning  An enterprise’s long-term plan is facilitated by its fund flow statement.An enterprise’s short-term planning is facilitated by a cash flow statement.
Dependence   In addition to the cash flow statement, Fund Flow Statement can also be drafted.    Taking only the fund flow statement into consideration is not sufficient to prepare the cash flow statement. The schedule of working capital changes must also accompany the fund’s flow statement if the cash flow statement is to be prepared.
Additional Statement An additional statement, viz. A fund flow statement must be prepared after the preparation of the fund flow statement. Workflow schedule, to be prepared after preparation of the fund flow statement.Describes the cash flow for the period. No other statements are prepared after the cash flow statement.  
Difference of SidesWorking capital is either increased or decreased on both sides of the fund flow statement.The closing balance of cash is the difference between both sides of the cash flow statement.

How to prepare Cash Flow Statement

The following two methods can be used to prepare a cash flow statement:

  1. Preparation of ‘Cash Flow Statement’ under “Traditional Method”:

In order to prepare a Cash Flow Statement, one uses the “Traditional Method.” This method is simple and straightforward. A standard format is not stipulated as to how to describe ‘Inflows’ and ‘Outflows’ separately. Furthermore, ‘Operating Activities’, ‘Investment Activities’, and ‘Financing Activities’ are not broken down separately.

  • Preparation of “Cash Flow Statement’ under AS-3:

Reporting and presentation of the Cash Flow Statement differ fundamentally between the standard AS-3 cash flow statement and the conventional cash flow statement. From the operating activities perspective, ‘Cash Flow’ can be reported in two ways:

  • Direct Method.
  • Indirect Method.

Cash Flow Statement Format (Indirect Method)

Cash Flow Statement

(For the period ended 31st March…..)

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net Profit as per P&L A/c
Add: Non-Operating Items:
Depreciation on Building
Depreciation on Machinery
Depreciation on Machinery sold
Increase in Provision for doubtful debts
Dividend paid
Transfer to Reserves
Goodwill has written off
Preliminary Expenses written-off
Other tangible assets written-off
Loss on sale or disposable of fixed
Less: Profit on sale of investment
Profit on sale of machinery
Operating Profit before Working Capital Changes
Add: Increase in Current liabilities
Decrease in Current assets
Less: Increase in Current assets
Decrease in Current liabilities
Cash Generated from Operating Activities
Less: Income tax Paid
Net Cash Flows from Operating Activities (A)
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
Add: Sale of Investments
Sale of Machine
Less: Purchase of Buildings
Less: Purchase of Machinery
Net Cash Flows from Investing Activities (B)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
Add: Issue of Share
Add: Issue of Debenture
Less: Redemption of Debentures
Less: Interim Dividend Paid
Less: Dividend Paid
Net Cash Flows from Financing Activities (C)
Net Increase/Decrease in Cash & Cash
Equivalents (A + B+C)
Cash& Cash Equivalents at the Beginning of the Year
Cash &Cash Equivalents at End of the Year

Note: In order to judge the accuracy of the cash flow statement (indirect method), one must ensure that (A+B+C) the amount of cash and cash equivalents at the beginning and at the end of the year are the same. This can be written as, Cash & Cash Equivalents at the end of the year = Net Increase/Decrease in Cash & Cash Equivalents + Cash & Cash Equivalents at the beginning of the year.

Importance of Cash Flow Statement

  1. Short Term Planning

Cash Flow Statements are regarded as valuable and vital tools for a company’s management for a variety of reasons, including short-term planning and cash management. In order to be able to meet various obligations as and when they arise, each business entity needs to maintain a sufficient level of liquid funds. By comparing past data of cash inflows and outflows to the projected cash flow in the near future, the cash flow statement assists the financial manager in forecasting future cash flows.

  • Provides the Details where the Money is Spent

In addition, the Cash Flow statement is also of importance because there are various payments made by the company that is not included in the profit and loss statement of the company, whereas they are mentioned in the Cash Flow statement. Therefore, the cash flow statement provides a detailed breakdown of how the company spends its money.

  • Creating Excess Cash

Profits are the motive behind every business enterprise. While the profit helps create the cash, there are other ways that also contribute to the creation of cash. Identifying and implementing these methods can be done by focusing on your cash flow statement. Conversely, focusing exclusively on the P&L account prevents a company from focusing on creating cash.

  • Revealing the Cash Planning Results

Another benefit of a cash flow statement is that it can be used to determine how successful a company’s cash planning has been because the actual results can be compared with the projections included in the cash flow statement. Taking the appropriate measures will be made possible by the results. Thus, it provides the company with a means of comparing past assessments’ cash budgets with the current budgets in order to assess what will be the company’s cash requirements in the future.

  • Long Term Planning

One of the other important aspects of the cash flow statement is that it aids management in planning the long-term position of the cash flow. Having a long-term financial plan is crucial for the success of a company, as it determines how far the company will advance. Therefore, it identifies important changes that have to be made for the financial positioning of a company and allows the management to prioritize the strategic activities.

  • Knowing the Optimum Level of Cash Balance

As a result of the Cash Flow Statement, a company is able to determine what the most optimal level of cash balance is. This helps the firm to determine if there is an excess of cash, a shortage of cash or if the funds are idle. If the firm can assess its Cash Balance, it can determine more efficiently whether the funds are idle, insufficient, or surplus. With the knowledge of the actual cash position of the company, the management can make appropriate decisions.

  • Helps in Analyzing the Working Capital

Operating cash flow comprises the component of a company’s income from operations that can affect its cash flow. In order to know how working capital movements in the firm impact cash flow, investors should be aware.

cash flow statement formula
cash flow statement formula

List of cash flow statement formula

  • Free Cash Flow = Net income + Depreciation/Amortization – Change in Working Capital – Capital Expenditure
  • Operating Cash Flow = Operating Income + Depreciation – Taxes + Change in Working Capital
  • Cash Flow Forecast = Beginning Cash + Projected Inflows – Projected Outflows = Ending Cash
  • Operating Cash Flow Ratio = Cash Flows From Operations/Current Liabilities
  • Cash flow from operating cash flows/Net sales = _____%
  • Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities
  • Quick Ratio = Current Assets – Inventory/Current Liabilities

Cash Flow Statement format PDF

Formula for Direct Method of Calculating the Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Cash Receipts from Customersxxx
Cash Paid to suppliers and employees(xxx)
Cash generated from Operationsxxx
Income Tax Paid(xxx)
Cash Flow before Extra-ordinary Itemsxxx
Extra-ordinary itemsxxx
Net Cash from Operating Activities (Direct Method)xxx

The indirect method of cash flow calculation for operating activities

Net Profit before Tax and Extra-ordinary itemsxxx
Adjustments for
– Depreciationxxx
– Foreign Exchangexxx
– Investmentsxxx
– Gain or Loss on Sale of Fixed Assetsxxx
– Interest Dividendxxx
Operating Profit before Working Capital Changesxxx
Adjustments for
– Trade and Other Receivablesxxx
– Inventoriesxxx
– Trade Payablexxx
Cash generated from Operationsxxx
– Interest Paid(xxx)
– Direct Taxes(xxx)
Cash before Extra-Ordinary Itemsxxx
Deferred Revenuexxx
Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities (Indirect Method)xxx

Investing activities’ cash flows in various formats:-

Purchase of Fixed Assets(xxx)
(Add) Proceeds from Sale of Fixed Assetsxxx
(Add) Interest receivedxxx
(Add) Dividend receivedxxx
Net Cash Flow from Investing Activitiesxxx

Flows from financing activities in different formats:-

Proceeds from Issue of Share Capitalxxx
Proceeds from Long Term Borrowingsxxx
Repayment of Long Term Borrowings(xxx)
Interest Paid(xxx)
Dividend Paid(xxx)
Net Cash Flows from Financing Activitiesxxx

As shown below, the entire Cash Flow Statement can be formatted in the following manner:-

Cash flow from Operating Activities (Direct Method/ Indirect Method)xxx
(Add) Cash Flow  from Investing Activitiesxxx
(Add) Cash Flow from Financing Activitiesxxx
(=)Net Increase/Decrease in Cashxxx
(Add) Opening Balance of Cash & Cash Equivalentsxxx
(=) Closing Balance of Cash & Cash Equivalentsxxx

Cash Flow Statement format in excel

advantages and disadvantages of cash flow statement ppt


In addition to showing a company’s strength, profitability, and long-term future outlook, cash flow statements also help to gauge the company’s financial health. In order to determine whether a company has sufficient liquidity for paying its expenses, the CFS can be used.

In addition to helping companies budget for the future, cash flow statements can be used to predict future cash flow. As a means of assessing a company’s financial health, the cash flow statement is critical since it indicates the availability of cash for business operations.

However, this rule of thumb should not be taken literally. It’s not uncommon for a company to experience negative cash flow after expanding operations as part of its growth strategy. An investor can assess the financial health of a company by analyzing the cash flow statement. In addition, the cash flow statement provides a clear picture of how much cash the company generates.

Some questions about Limitation of Cash Flow Statement

How are cash flow and net income differentiated?

Usually, cash flow is calculated by comparing changes in cash balance between accounting periods. An accounting period’s net income is equal to gross income minus the associated expenses.

Why is cash flow necessary for business?

It is crucial for businesses to have a steady cash flow since this is what delivers money for paying bills, buying supplies, and paying employees.

How to maximize your cash flow?

In order to increase cash flow, you will need to increase the speed at which your receivables arrive. It may be necessary to reduce the amount of time you reward customers for paying on time or to increase customer service efforts.

How to analyze cash flow?

A cash flow statement shows the money that comes into and leaves your business, and you need one to analyze cash flow. From there, you can analyze your investors, operating expenses, financing costs, and so on.

What happens when cash flow is negative?

Negative cash flow prevents businesses from paying their bills. Borrowing money, paying interest, and hurting the bottom line is what they have to do.

What is free cash flow?

After considering capital consumptions, free cash flow (FCF) measures how much money a business is able to generate.

How to analyse if cash flow statements are correct?

You need to do a line-by-line analysis and verify that the information you enter in your cash flow statements is accurate before you submit them.

Can cash flow be negative?

It is possible to have negative cash flow. Negative cash flow occurs when your expenses surpass your income. As a result of poorly managed receivables and a lack of understanding of credit, a company gets into financial trouble. It is acceptable for a business to have negative cash flow in the beginning. However, repeated negative cash flow can lead to bankruptcy.

How to calculate Free Cash Flow (FCF) from a cash flow statement?

FCF can be calculated by subtracting the previous taxes, interest, and depreciation from your previous-year earnings then adding the depreciation and amortization.

What is levered free cash flow?

Cash on hand after all obligations have been met is what is known as levered free cash flow. These funds do not have any creditors. If you have shareholders or investors, they will also have access to it.

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Discuss the Uses and Limitation of Cash Flow Statement 2021 | Advantages and Disadvantages of Cash Flow Statement Class 12
advantages and disadvantages of cash flow statement ppt

Limitation of Cash Flow Statement: An accounting statement that summarizes the amount of cash and cash equivalents entering and leaving a business.

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